2018-05-19

Selected AI articles

1: Miyahira AK, Soule HR. The 24th Annual Prostate Cancer Foundation scientific
retreat report. Prostate. 2018 May 15. doi: 10.1002/pros.23651. [Epub ahead of
print] Review. PubMed PMID: 29761524.


2: Schier R. Artificial Intelligence and the Practice of Radiology: An
Alternative View. J Am Coll Radiol. 2018 May 11. pii: S1546-1440(18)30389-2. doi:
10.1016/j.jacr.2018.03.046. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29759528.


3: Varga-Szemes A, Jacobs BE, Schoepf UJ. The power and limitations of machine
learning and artificial intelligence in cardiac CT. J Cardiovasc Comput Tomogr.
2018 May 6. pii: S1934-5925(18)30098-4. doi: 10.1016/j.jcct.2018.05.007. [Epub
ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29747946.


4: Nicholls M. A new Artificial Intelligence system. Eur Heart J. 2018 May
7;39(18):1586-1588. doi: 10.1093/eurheartj/ehy192. PubMed PMID: 29741681.


5: Huff TJ, Ludwig PE, Zuniga JM. The potential for machine learning algorithms
to improve and reduce the cost of 3-dimensional printing for surgical planning.
Expert Rev Med Devices. 2018 May;15(5):349-356. doi:
10.1080/17434440.2018.1473033. PubMed PMID: 29723481.


6: Liew C. The future of radiology augmented with Artificial Intelligence: A
strategy for success. Eur J Radiol. 2018 May;102:152-156. doi:
10.1016/j.ejrad.2018.03.019. Epub 2018 Mar 14. Review. PubMed PMID: 29685530.


7: Wang Y, Wang L, Xue CA. Medical information security in the era of artificial 
intelligence. Med Hypotheses. 2018 Jun;115:58-60. doi:
10.1016/j.mehy.2018.03.023. Epub 2018 Apr 5. PubMed PMID: 29685199.


8: Petersen C. Through Patients' Eyes: Regulation, Technology, Privacy, and the
Future. Yearb Med Inform. 2018 Apr 22. doi: 10.1055/s-0038-1641193. [Epub ahead
of print] PubMed PMID: 29681030.


9: Starikov A, Al'Aref SJ, Singh G, Min JK. Artificial intelligence in clinical
imaging: An introduction. Clin Imaging. 2018 May - Jun;49:vii-ix. doi:
10.1016/j.clinimag.2018.04.001. Epub 2018 Apr 4. PubMed PMID: 29653876.


10: Tridandapani S. Radiology "Hits Refresh" with Artificial Intelligence. Acad
Radiol. 2018 Apr 6. pii: S1076-6332(18)30077-1. doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2018.02.006. 
[Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29631927.


11: Lin SY, Shanafelt TD, Asch SM. Reimagining Clinical Documentation With
Artificial Intelligence. Mayo Clin Proc. 2018 May;93(5):563-565. doi:
10.1016/j.mayocp.2018.02.016. Epub 2018 Apr 7. PubMed PMID: 29631808.


12: McBee MP, Awan OA, Colucci AT, Ghobadi CW, Kadom N, Kansagra AP, Tridandapani
S, Auffermann WF. Deep Learning in Radiology. Acad Radiol. 2018 Mar 29. pii:
S1076-6332(18)30104-1. doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2018.02.018. [Epub ahead of print]
Review. PubMed PMID: 29606338.


13: Mirnezami R, Ahmed A. Surgery 3.0, artificial intelligence and the
next-generation surgeon. Br J Surg. 2018 Apr;105(5):463-465. doi:
10.1002/bjs.10860. PubMed PMID: 29603133.


14: Jing Y, Bian Y, Hu Z, Wang L, Xie XS. Deep Learning for Drug Design: an
Artificial Intelligence Paradigm for Drug Discovery in the Big Data Era. AAPS J. 
2018 Mar 30;20(3):58. doi: 10.1208/s12248-018-0210-0. PubMed PMID: 29603063.


15: Tajmir SH, Alkasab TK. Toward Augmented Radiologists: Changes in Radiology
Education in the Era of Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence. Acad
Radiol. 2018 Jun;25(6):747-750. doi: 10.1016/j.acra.2018.03.007. Epub 2018 Mar
26. PubMed PMID: 29599010.


16: Parmar C, Barry JD, Hosny A, Quackenbush J, Aerts HJ. Data Analysis
Strategies in Medical Imaging. Clin Cancer Res. 2018 Mar 26. pii:
clincanres.0385.2018. doi: 10.1158/1078-0432.CCR-18-0385. [Epub ahead of print]
PubMed PMID: 29581134.


17: Chung SW, Han SS, Lee JW, Oh KS, Kim NR, Yoon JP, Kim JY, Moon SH, Kwon J,
Lee HJ, Noh YM, Kim Y. Automated detection and classification of the proximal
humerus fracture by using deep learning algorithm. Acta Orthop. 2018 Mar 26:1-6. 
doi: 10.1080/17453674.2018.1453714. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29577791.


18: Montoya JC, Li Y, Strother C, Chen GH. 3D Deep Learning Angiography (3D-DLA) 
from C-arm Conebeam CT. AJNR Am J Neuroradiol. 2018 May;39(5):916-922. doi:
10.3174/ajnr.A5597. Epub 2018 Mar 22. PubMed PMID: 29567655.


19: Burt JR, Torosdagli N, Khosravan N, RaviPrakash H, Mortazi A,
Tissavirasingham F, Hussein S, Bagci U. Deep learning beyond cats and dogs:
recent advances in diagnosing breast cancer with deep neural networks. Br J
Radiol. 2018 Apr 10:20170545. doi: 10.1259/bjr.20170545. [Epub ahead of print]
PubMed PMID: 29565644.


20: Yepes-Calderon F, Nelson MD, McComb JG. Automatically measuring brain
ventricular volume within PACS using artificial intelligence. PLoS One. 2018 Mar 
15;13(3):e0193152. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0193152. eCollection 2018. PubMed
PMID: 29543817; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5854260.


21: Arora VM. Harnessing the Power of Big Data to Improve Graduate Medical
Education: Big Idea or Bust? Acad Med. 2018 Mar 13. doi:
10.1097/ACM.0000000000002209. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29538103.


22: Allen B Jr. 2017 Presidential Address: Staying Ahead of the Curve. J Am Coll 
Radiol. 2018 May;15(5):707-712. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2018.02.001. Epub 2018 Mar 9.
PubMed PMID: 29530324.


23: Nakajima K, Okuda K, Watanabe S, Matsuo S, Kinuya S, Toth K, Edenbrandt L.
Artificial neural network retrained to detect myocardial ischemia using a
Japanese multicenter database. Ann Nucl Med. 2018 Mar 7. doi:
10.1007/s12149-018-1247-y. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29516390.


24: Syeda-Mahmood T. Role of Big Data and Machine Learning in Diagnostic Decision
Support in Radiology. J Am Coll Radiol. 2018 Mar;15(3 Pt B):569-576. doi:
10.1016/j.jacr.2018.01.028. PubMed PMID: 29502585.


25: Wu JT, Dernoncourt F, Gehrmann S, Tyler PD, Moseley ET, Carlson ET, Grant DW,
Li Y, Welt J, Celi LA. Behind the scenes: A medical natural language processing
project. Int J Med Inform. 2018 Apr;112:68-73. doi:
10.1016/j.ijmedinf.2017.12.003. Epub 2017 Dec 9. PubMed PMID: 29500024.


26: Xu S, Papier A. Returning to (Electronic) Health Records That Guide and
Teach. Am J Med. 2018 Feb 7. pii: S0002-9343(18)30094-9. doi:
10.1016/j.amjmed.2017.12.048. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29427581.


27: Artificial Intelligence Use in Healthcare Growing Fast. J AHIMA. 2017
Jun;88(6):76. PubMed PMID: 29424995.


28: Merrell RC, Doarn CR. Artificial Intelligence Reconsidered. Telemed J E
Health. 2018 Feb;24(2):93. doi: 10.1089/tmj.2018.29001.crd. PubMed PMID:
29420167.


29: Thrall JH, Li X, Li Q, Cruz C, Do S, Dreyer K, Brink J. Artificial
Intelligence and Machine Learning in Radiology: Opportunities, Challenges,
Pitfalls, and Criteria for Success. J Am Coll Radiol. 2018 Mar;15(3 Pt
B):504-508. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2017.12.026. Epub 2018 Feb 4. PubMed PMID:
29402533.


30: Jha S, Topol EJ. Information and Artificial Intelligence. J Am Coll Radiol.
2018 Mar;15(3 Pt B):509-511. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2017.12.025. PubMed PMID:
29398501.


31: Giger ML. Machine Learning in Medical Imaging. J Am Coll Radiol. 2018
Mar;15(3 Pt B):512-520. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2017.12.028. Epub 2018 Feb 2. PubMed 
PMID: 29398494.


32: Hashimoto DA, Rosman G, Rus D, Meireles OR. Artificial Intelligence in
Surgery: Promises and Perils. Ann Surg. 2018 Jan 31. doi:
10.1097/SLA.0000000000002693. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29389679.


33: Gensini GF, Alderighi C, Rasoini R, Mazzanti M, Casolo G. Value of
Telemonitoring and Telemedicine in Heart Failure Management. Card Fail Rev. 2017 
Nov;3(2):116-121. doi: 10.15420/cfr.2017:6:2. PubMed PMID: 29387464; PubMed
Central PMCID: PMC5739893.


34: van Gerven M. Computational Foundations of Natural Intelligence. Front Comput
Neurosci. 2017 Dec 7;11:112. doi: 10.3389/fncom.2017.00112. eCollection 2017.
Review. PubMed PMID: 29375355; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5770642.


35: Rueckauer B, Lungu IA, Hu Y, Pfeiffer M, Liu SC. Conversion of
Continuous-Valued Deep Networks to Efficient Event-Driven Networks for Image
Classification. Front Neurosci. 2017 Dec 7;11:682. doi: 10.3389/fnins.2017.00682.
eCollection 2017. PubMed PMID: 29375284; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5770641.


36: King BF Jr.. Artificial Intelligence and Radiology: What Will the Future
Hold? J Am Coll Radiol. 2018 Mar;15(3 Pt B):501-503. doi:
10.1016/j.jacr.2017.11.017. Epub 2018 Jan 19. PubMed PMID: 29371088.


37: Schönbach C, Li J, Ma L, Horton P, Sjaugi MF, Ranganathan S. A bioinformatics
potpourri. BMC Genomics. 2018 Jan 19;19(Suppl 1):920. doi:
10.1186/s12864-017-4326-x. PubMed PMID: 29363432; PubMed Central PMCID:
PMC5780851.


38: Siuly S, Huang R, Daneshmand M. Guest editorial: special issue on "Artificial
Intelligence in Health and Medicine". Health Inf Sci Syst. 2018 Jan 16;6(1):2.
doi: 10.1007/s13755-017-0040-y. eCollection 2018 Dec. PubMed PMID: 29354261;
PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5770338.


39: Shameer K, Johnson KW, Glicksberg BS, Dudley JT, Sengupta PP. Machine
learning in cardiovascular medicine: are we there yet? Heart. 2018 Jan 19. pii:
heartjnl-2017-311198. doi: 10.1136/heartjnl-2017-311198. [Epub ahead of print]
Review. PubMed PMID: 29352006.


40: China needs to listen to its researchers to become a scientific superpower.
Nature. 2018 Jan 18;553(7688):249. doi: 10.1038/d41586-018-00659-5. PubMed PMID: 
29345678.


41: George D. What can the brain teach us about building artificial intelligence?
Behav Brain Sci. 2017 Jan;40:e265. doi: 10.1017/S0140525X17000140. PubMed PMID:
29342690.


42: Crandall JW, Oudah M, Tennom, Ishowo-Oloko F, Abdallah S, Bonnefon JF,
Cebrian M, Shariff A, Goodrich MA, Rahwan I. Cooperating with machines. Nat
Commun. 2018 Jan 16;9(1):233. doi: 10.1038/s41467-017-02597-8. PubMed PMID:
29339817; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5770455.


43: Rush B, Stone DJ, Celi LA. From Big Data to Artificial Intelligence:
Harnessing Data Routinely Collected in the Process of Care. Crit Care Med. 2018
Feb;46(2):345-346. doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000002892. PubMed PMID: 29337803;
PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5772897.


44: Kupferschmidt K. Taming the monsters of tomorrow. Science. 2018 Jan
12;359(6372):152-155. doi: 10.1126/science.359.6372.152. PubMed PMID: 29326256.


45: Dupoux E. Cognitive science in the era of artificial intelligence: A roadmap 
for reverse-engineering the infant language-learner. Cognition. 2018
Apr;173:43-59. doi: 10.1016/j.cognition.2017.11.008. Epub 2018 Jan 8. PubMed
PMID: 29324240.


46: Powles J, Hodson H. Google DeepMind and healthcare in an age of algorithms.
Health Technol (Berl). 2017;7(4):351-367. doi: 10.1007/s12553-017-0179-1. Epub
2017 Mar 16. PubMed PMID: 29308344; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5741783.


47: Gao L, Liu R, Jiang Y, Song W, Wang Y, Liu J, Wang J, Wu D, Li S, Hao A,
Zhang B. Computer-aided system for diagnosing thyroid nodules on ultrasound: A
comparison with radiologist-based clinical assessments. Head Neck. 2018
Apr;40(4):778-783. doi: 10.1002/hed.25049. Epub 2017 Dec 29. PubMed PMID:
29286180.


48: Sana M. Machine Learning and Artificial Intelligence in Radiology. J Am Coll 
Radiol. 2017 Dec 21. pii: S1546-1440(17)31444-8. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2017.11.015.
[Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29275917.


49: Kong X, Gong S, Su L, Howard N, Kong Y. Automatic Detection of Acromegaly
From Facial Photographs Using Machine Learning Methods. EBioMedicine. 2018
Jan;27:94-102. doi: 10.1016/j.ebiom.2017.12.015. Epub 2017 Dec 15. PubMed PMID:
29269039; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5828367.


50: Verghese A, Shah NH, Harrington RA. What This Computer Needs Is a Physician: 
Humanism and Artificial Intelligence. JAMA. 2018 Jan 2;319(1):19-20. doi:
10.1001/jama.2017.19198. PubMed PMID: 29261830.


51: O'Sullivan S, Holzinger A, Zatloukal K, Saldiva P, Sajid MI, Wichmann D.
Machine learning enhanced virtual autopsy. Autops Case Rep. 2017 Dec 8;7(4):3-7. 
doi: 10.4322/acr.2017.037. eCollection 2017 Oct-Dec. PubMed PMID: 29259926;
PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5724048.


52: McDonald L, Ramagopalan SV, Cox AP, Oguz M. Unintended consequences of
machine learning in medicine? F1000Res. 2017 Sep 19;6:1707. doi:
10.12688/f1000research.12693.1. eCollection 2017. PubMed PMID: 29250316; PubMed
Central PMCID: PMC5701440.


53: Schneider G. Automating drug discovery. Nat Rev Drug Discov. 2018
Feb;17(2):97-113. doi: 10.1038/nrd.2017.232. Epub 2017 Dec 15. Review. PubMed
PMID: 29242609.


54: Thakor RT, Anaya N, Zhang Y, Vilanilam C, Siah KW, Wong CH, Lo AW. Just how
good an investment is the biopharmaceutical sector? Nat Biotechnol. 2017
Dec;35(12):1149-1157. doi: 10.1038/nbt.4023. Epub 2017 Dec 8. PubMed PMID:
29220034.


55: Becker AS, Mueller M, Stoffel E, Marcon M, Ghafoor S, Boss A. Classification 
of breast cancer in ultrasound imaging using a generic deep learning analysis
software: a pilot study. Br J Radiol. 2018 Feb;91(1083):20170576. doi:
10.1259/bjr.20170576. Epub 2018 Jan 10. PubMed PMID: 29215311.


56: Sipper M, Moore JH. Artificial intelligence: more human with human. BioData
Min. 2017 Dec 1;10:34. doi: 10.1186/s13040-017-0157-1. eCollection 2017. PubMed
PMID: 29213332; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5709984.


57: Gambus P, Shafer SL. Artificial Intelligence for Everyone. Anesthesiology.
2018 Mar;128(3):431-433. doi: 10.1097/ALN.0000000000001984. PubMed PMID:
29166324.


58: Mayo RC, Leung J. Artificial intelligence and deep learning - Radiology's
next frontier? Clin Imaging. 2018 May - Jun;49:87-88. doi:
10.1016/j.clinimag.2017.11.007. Epub 2017 Nov 16. Review. PubMed PMID: 29161580.


59: King BF Jr. Guest Editorial: Discovery and Artificial Intelligence. AJR Am J 
Roentgenol. 2017 Dec;209(6):1189-1190. doi: 10.2214/AJR.17.19178. PubMed PMID:
29161146.


60: Lakhani P, Prater AB, Hutson RK, Andriole KP, Dreyer KJ, Morey J, Prevedello 
LM, Clark TJ, Geis JR, Itri JN, Hawkins CM. Machine Learning in Radiology:
Applications Beyond Image Interpretation. J Am Coll Radiol. 2018
Feb;15(2):350-359. doi: 10.1016/j.jacr.2017.09.044. Epub 2017 Nov 17. PubMed
PMID: 29158061.


61: Kahn CE Jr. From Images to Actions: Opportunities for Artificial Intelligence
in Radiology. Radiology. 2017 Dec;285(3):719-720. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2017171734.
PubMed PMID: 29155645.


62: Dreyer KJ, Geis JR. When Machines Think: Radiology's Next Frontier.
Radiology. 2017 Dec;285(3):713-718. doi: 10.1148/radiol.2017171183. Review.
PubMed PMID: 29155639.


63: Bossaerts P, Murawski C. Computational Complexity and Human Decision-Making. 
Trends Cogn Sci. 2017 Dec;21(12):917-929. doi: 10.1016/j.tics.2017.09.005.
Review. PubMed PMID: 29149998.


64: Chartrand G, Cheng PM, Vorontsov E, Drozdzal M, Turcotte S, Pal CJ, Kadoury
S, Tang A. Deep Learning: A Primer for Radiologists. Radiographics. 2017
Nov-Dec;37(7):2113-2131. doi: 10.1148/rg.2017170077. Review. PubMed PMID:
29131760.


65: Yuste R, Goering S, Arcas BAY, Bi G, Carmena JM, Carter A, Fins JJ, Friesen
P, Gallant J, Huggins JE, Illes J, Kellmeyer P, Klein E, Marblestone A, Mitchell 
C, Parens E, Pham M, Rubel A, Sadato N, Sullivan LS, Teicher M, Wasserman D,
Wexler A, Whittaker M, Wolpaw J. Four ethical priorities for neurotechnologies
and AI. Nature. 2017 Nov 8;551(7679):159-163. doi: 10.1038/551159a. PubMed PMID: 
29120438.


66: Wartman SA, Combs CD. Medical Education Must Move from the Information Age to
the Age of Artificial Intelligence. Acad Med. 2017 Nov 1. doi:
10.1097/ACM.0000000000002044. [Epub ahead of print] PubMed PMID: 29095704.


67: Paiva OA, Prevedello LM. The potential impact of artificial intelligence in
radiology. Radiol Bras. 2017 Sep-Oct;50(5):V-VI. doi:
10.1590/0100-3984.2017.50.5e1. PubMed PMID: 29085178; PubMed Central PMCID:
PMC5656066.


68: Cabitza F, Banfi G. Machine learning in laboratory medicine: waiting for the 
flood? Clin Chem Lab Med. 2018 Mar 28;56(4):516-524. doi: 10.1515/cclm-2017-0287.
Review. PubMed PMID: 29055936.


69: Singh S, Okun A, Jackson A. Artificial intelligence: Learning to play Go from
scratch. Nature. 2017 Oct 18;550(7676):336-337. doi: 10.1038/550336a. PubMed
PMID: 29052631.


70: Silver D, Schrittwieser J, Simonyan K, Antonoglou I, Huang A, Guez A, Hubert 
T, Baker L, Lai M, Bolton A, Chen Y, Lillicrap T, Hui F, Sifre L, van den
Driessche G, Graepel T, Hassabis D. Mastering the game of Go without human
knowledge. Nature. 2017 Oct 18;550(7676):354-359. doi: 10.1038/nature24270.
PubMed PMID: 29052630.


71: Bonderman D. Artificial intelligence in cardiology. Wien Klin Wochenschr.
2017 Dec;129(23-24):866-868. doi: 10.1007/s00508-017-1275-y. Epub 2017 Oct 4.
Review. PubMed PMID: 28980130; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5711980.


72: Miner AS, Milstein A, Hancock JT. Talking to Machines About Personal Mental
Health Problems. JAMA. 2017 Oct 3;318(13):1217-1218. doi:
10.1001/jama.2017.14151. PubMed PMID: 28973225.


73: Henglin M, Stein G, Hushcha PV, Snoek J, Wiltschko AB, Cheng S. Machine
Learning Approaches in Cardiovascular Imaging. Circ Cardiovasc Imaging. 2017
Oct;10(10). pii: e005614. doi: 10.1161/CIRCIMAGING.117.005614. Review. PubMed
PMID: 28956772; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5718356.


74: Kayaalp M. Patient Privacy in the Era of Big Data. Balkan Med J. 2018 Jan
20;35(1):8-17. doi: 10.4274/balkanmedj.2017.0966. Epub 2017 Sep 13. PubMed PMID: 
28903886; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5820452.


75: Hassabis D, Kumaran D, Summerfield C, Botvinick M. Neuroscience-Inspired
Artificial Intelligence. Neuron. 2017 Jul 19;95(2):245-258. doi:
10.1016/j.neuron.2017.06.011. Review. PubMed PMID: 28728020.


76: Horvitz E. AI, people, and society. Science. 2017 Jul 7;357(6346):7. doi:
10.1126/science.aao2466. PubMed PMID: 28684472.


77: Olczak J, Fahlberg N, Maki A, Razavian AS, Jilert A, Stark A, Sköldenberg O, 
Gordon M. Artificial intelligence for analyzing orthopedic trauma radiographs.
Acta Orthop. 2017 Dec;88(6):581-586. doi: 10.1080/17453674.2017.1344459. Epub
2017 Jul 6. PubMed PMID: 28681679; PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5694800.


78: Househ M, Aldosari B. The Hazards of Data Mining in Healthcare. Stud Health
Technol Inform. 2017;238:80-83. PubMed PMID: 28679892.


79: Lee JG, Jun S, Cho YW, Lee H, Kim GB, Seo JB, Kim N. Deep Learning in Medical
Imaging: General Overview. Korean J Radiol. 2017 Jul-Aug;18(4):570-584. doi:
10.3348/kjr.2017.18.4.570. Epub 2017 May 19. Review. PubMed PMID: 28670152;
PubMed Central PMCID: PMC5447633.


80: Krittanawong C, Zhang H, Wang Z, Aydar M, Kitai T. Artificial Intelligence in
Precision Cardiovascular Medicine. J Am Coll Cardiol. 2017 May
30;69(21):2657-2664. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2017.03.571. Review. PubMed PMID:
28545640.


81: Ahmed MN, Toor AS, O'Neil K, Friedland D. Cognitive Computing and the Future 
of Health Care Cognitive Computing and the Future of Healthcare: The Cognitive
Power of IBM Watson Has the Potential to Transform Global Personalized Medicine. 
IEEE Pulse. 2017 May-Jun;8(3):4-9. doi: 10.1109/MPUL.2017.2678098. PubMed PMID:
28534755.


82: Ravignani A, Cook PF. The evolutionary biology of dance without frills. Curr 
Biol. 2016 Oct 10;26(19):R878-R879. doi: 10.1016/j.cub.2016.07.076. Epub 2016 Oct
10. PubMed PMID: 27728787.


83: Reul C, Köberle P, Üçeyler N, Puppe F. Expectation-Driven Text Extraction
from Medical Ultrasound Images. Stud Health Technol Inform. 2016;228:712-6.
PubMed PMID: 27577478.


84: Ogiela L, Takizawa M. Medical Image Analysis by Cognitive Information Systems
- a Review. J Med Syst. 2016 Oct;40(10):212. doi: 10.1007/s10916-016-0566-6. Epub
2016 Aug 15. Review. PubMed PMID: 27526188.

2018-04-09

Creating 3D STL files for 3D printing from MRA using Osirix and MeshMixer

Osirix viewer. MRA 

From 3D menu, generate a 3D file from your substracted MRA series. Using a too low threshold will result in a noisy 3D file. Using a too high threshold will result in thin and fragile vessel models.
Check the model you have created and change threshold if necessary, from surface settings on top left.
Give a meaningful name and save your model.
Now we will use meshmixer to clean and repair the model


Show printer bed from view menu. It feel easier for me when trying to manipulate the model. 


Press "T" for transform. Or use Edit > Transform
Rotate your model so that it faces toward you. (My preference)
Use Edit > Align to center your model on platform.
Align to center.

Recenter view.
Double click to select. Double click to select more.
When all needed parts are selected. We will invert the selection.
Press "I" to invert selection. Or Modify > Invert.
Backspace, Delete or "X" to delete unwanted parts.

Your model usually needs a repair since Osirix do not check fot open ends and other STL errors. 


Analyse, Inspector, Autorepair will repair the model.
You can now export your model as STL to be used in 3D printers software.